Rise of the Athenian Empire: The Greco-Persian Wars

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  1. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Extra Information and Corrections !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    0:23 The Assembly and in fact the entire Athenian democracy at this point even though far more democratic than any other ancient democracy of the time still wasn't at it's height. Meaning at the time of 478 the Assembly and the government of Athens was still partially controlled by rich oligarchs, but this would change over the course of the 5th century and we will touch upon it in later videos.

    0:32 We are not sure whether Ionian in this context means the Ionian ethnicity or the Ionians in Asia minor. Thucydides is unclear on this.

    In the video I am going with the interpretation of Ionian as the ones in Asia minor but as I stated most likely other city states where part of this embassy as well.

    1:55 Callimachus died during the battle.

    2:02 It is debated whether Themistocles was a strategoi during the battle of Marathon or just a high ranking soldier.

    2:06 Remember those names. The same names have the tendency to come up a lot in classical history.

    3:03 Today's marathon is 42.195 km long due to modern reasons. Google it if you want to know more.

    3:11 They went to Paros because it was said they supported the Persians during their invasion.

    3:20 It is said Miltiades lead the Athenians on the offensive only to settle a personal grudge. Plus he was a very opportunistic character so there was a lot of hatred against him in Athens.

    3:44 The person retained his property when they where exiled but they couldn't manage it since they couldn't be in Athens so they usually had to have a third party manage their property.

    4:17 Aelian, Varia historia 13.24

    5:34 Plutarch mentions their rivalry goes all the way back to their youth when both of them had a crush on the same boy.

    No they weren't gay per se they had wife's and kids, it's just sexuality in Ancient Greece was far more loosely defined than it is today.

    Plut. Them. 3

    5:45 Themistocles already convinced Athens to build a small navy in 493 but now he was petitioning to have the entire city focus much more on naval power.

    5:53 It is debated whether Aristides proposed the dividing up of silver among the people or if that was just a normal way the Athenians divided up new gotten state wealth and Aristides was just championing that idea in contrast to the alternative.

    5:57 The compromise was that Themistocles was going to get his fleet but instead of 200 ships that he wanted only 100 would be build and the rest of the money would go towards public projects.

    6:12 Pottery shards known as ostracon where used as ballots during ostracisms.

    6:42 They learned of the invasion because Persia send envoys to various Greek city states to ask for submission before the invasion. Contrary to popular believe envoys where not send to Athens nor Sparta.

    7:38 Even though the first invasion was to Punish the Athenians and Eretrians the second invasion by Persia was planned to subdue the whole of Greece and add it into the Empire.

    7:38 Some Theben loyalist (loyalist because Thebes was divided at the time between the supporters of Persians and supporters of the Greeks) soldiers remained behind (also some slaves) with the Spartans to cover the retreat of the remaining Greek army. All of them where killed.

    8:44 There where ancient walls around the Acropolis but old writings also mention normal walls around Athens. This however doesn't seem to be supported by archaeological records of the wall which date only back to the 478 Themistoclean walls.

    It is still very much debated whether Athens had walls around the city prior to 478.

    8:50 Spartans didn't actually say this. They said they didn't want Athens or any city north of the Isthmus of Corinth to rebuild its walls because if the Persians return they could use such cities as easily defensible military bases. However the reasoning behind this was obviously the one I stated in the video.

    10:08 I don't really have the time to try to keep track of all the changes to major buildings in Athens during the classical period, it's already hard enough trying to keep track of the many buildings that shouldn't be there because they where build later by the Romans or the buildings that I need to add through out the series due to the Cimon and Periclean building projects.

    Hence this is really just an "artistic representation" of Athens that I will try to make the most accurate but am aware of certain problems with it that I simply don't have the time to address.
    I am going with the version that the Oath of Plataea didn't happen or at least wasn't followed.

    10:12 Athenians also had a small port called Phalerum that they used before building up Piraeus. Phalerum is the port you can see east of Piraeus on the map.

    10:50 I try my best to pin point what Greek cities where part of the Alliance and later the League and which weren't and also when certain Greek cities joined and left during the course of the 5th century. However with that said the Delian League was large and changed over time this combined with a lot of uncertainty about the league and specially its members means I will make mistakes.
    My mistake in this video is that I had Magnesia as part of the league which is wrong. Magnesia was always under the Persian control.

    11:57 This is a very hard thing to pin point because according to the stele (marbled decrees that have laws on them) that have survived until now the Athenians sometimes force the ally to swear an oath just to her while other times to her and the allies and lastly sometimes just to the alliance itself.

    But it is largely believed that all allies had an alliance with Athens her self as the hegemon while some allies had an alliance with Athens and the alliance. Basically not all allies had the same kind of deal with Athens and the alliance and the deal probably changed from ally to ally.

    12:39 It was specially an important pilgrimage place for the Ionians who made up the bulk of the Allies at the start of the League, hence Athens was A. placating the bulk of the allies for making the meeting place such an important place to them. B. A lot of the Greeks where going to Delos for pilgrimage anyways so having a meeting there just made sense. C. Athens was starting to build up its imperial ambition and just as any good empire they wanted the empire to seem to have grace from the gods and what better way to do that than to associate the meeting place of the league with one of the most holy sites in the Greek mythology.

    13:23 I show the Peloponnesian League as we believed it to look like in 480-70 however that changed later in the century just as the Delian league changed over time.

  2. the way you speak sounds like your a bored teacher, sick to explain the same lessons in class wich you already did for over 10years

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