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Diwân empowers local and digital communities with bottom-up tools and mechanisms to govern themselves and foster collective action. Communities and professionals can teach courses, broadcast content, organize events, mobilize campaigns, crowdsource teams, and sponsor projects.
Once upon a time, in a land far away, there was a group of people known as the Iranian diaspora in Canada. Their story began in the early 20th century, when a small number of Iranians immigrated to Canada in search of better opportunities and a brighter future.
These early Iranian immigrants were met with challenges, as they struggled to adjust to a new culture and way of life. Despite the obstacles, they persevered and worked hard to establish themselves in their new home. They opened small businesses, such as Persian restaurants and import-export companies, and became active members of their communities.
As time passed, more and more Iranians immigrated to Canada, and the Iranian diaspora grew. These new immigrants brought with them a rich cultural heritage, and they worked hard to preserve it while also embracing their new home. They established community organizations and celebrated their culture through events such as Nowruz and Chaharshanbe Suri.
The Iranian diaspora in Canada also made significant contributions to the country’s economy and society. Many Iranians have established successful businesses, and have become leaders in fields such as engineering, medicine, and education. They have also been active in civic and political life, and have made valuable contributions to the country’s cultural and social fabric.
However, their world was forever changed on January 8, 2020, when a tragic event occurred. Ukraine International Airlines Flight PS752, carrying 176 passengers, including 63 Canadians and many members of the Iranian diaspora, was shot down by the Iranian military and Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) shortly after takeoff from Tehran’s Imam Khomeini International Airport. All passengers and crew on board were killed.
The Iranian diaspora in Canada was deeply impacted by this tragic event. Many of their loved ones, friends, and members of their community were among the victims. They were filled with grief and sorrow, as they struggled to come to terms with the loss of so many precious lives.
The tragedy of Flight PS752 also brought the Iranian diaspora in Canada together in solidarity. They came together to honor the memory of the victims and to support one another during this difficult time. They also worked to raise awareness of the tragedy and to demand justice for the victims and their families.
The tragic event of Flight PS752 also highlighted the importance of the Iranian diaspora in Canada and their contributions to the country. It showed how deeply they were impacted by the event and how much they were loved and respected by their fellow Canadians. It also served as a reminder that despite their success and contributions, they still faced challenges and obstacles.
Iranian culture and history are rich with legacy, tradition, and values that have been respected throughout time. These ancient roots have played an important role in shaping the Iranian identity and helping Iranians recover from difficult times, such as the tragic event of Ukraine International Airlines Flight PS752. Some of the values that have been respected throughout Iranian history include:
Resilience and perseverance: Iranians have a long history of facing difficult challenges and coming out stronger. This value is rooted in the Persian culture and history, where they have faced invasions, wars and other struggles. They have always found a way to recover and move forward.
Family and community: Family and community have always been a key aspect of Iranian culture. Iranians are known for their strong sense of community and for supporting one another in times of need. This value was evident in the aftermath of the tragic event of Flight PS752, where the Iranian diaspora in Canada came together in solidarity to support one another and demand justice for the victims and their families.
Hope and optimism: Iranians have a strong sense of hope and optimism, which is reflected in their literature and art. One of the most well-known symbols of hope and renewal in Iranian literature is the Phoenix, a mythical bird that rises from the ashes, symbolizing rebirth and new beginnings. This symbol serves as a reminder that even in the darkest of times, there is always hope for a brighter future.
Iranian culture and history is rich with legacy, tradition, and values that have been respected throughout time. These ancient roots have played an important role in shaping the Iranian identity and helping Iranians recover from difficult times. The tragic event of Flight PS752 is a recent example where Iranian diaspora in Canada showed resilience and perseverance, strong sense of family and community and hope and optimism. These values and culture are reflected in the symbol of Phoenix, the mythical bird that rises from the ashes, symbolizing rebirth and new beginnings.
As the years passed, the Iranian diaspora in Canada continued to grow and thrive. Today, it is a vibrant and dynamic community that is proud of its heritage and its contributions to Canada. Its story is one of hard work, perseverance, and success, and it serves as an inspiration to all those who strive to build a better future for themselves and future generations.
Iran has a rich history dating back to the ancient times. The earliest known civilization in Iran was the Elamite civilization, which existed around 4200 BCE. This was followed by the rise of the Achaemenid Empire in 550 BCE, which was one of the world’s first superpowers and one of the most powerful empires of ancient history. The Achaemenid Empire was followed by the Parthian and Sassanid empires, which were also powerful and influential in their time.
Throughout its history, Iran has been invaded and ruled by various empires, including the Arabs, the Mongols, and the Ottoman Turks. However, despite these invasions, Iran has managed to maintain its own distinct culture and identity. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Iran was ruled by the Qajar dynasty, which was eventually replaced by the Pahlavi dynasty in the 20th century.
Canada, on the other hand, has a relatively shorter history compared to Iran. The first known inhabitants of Canada were the Indigenous peoples, who have lived in the region for thousands of years. The first European to reach Canada was the Norse explorer Leif Erikson around 1000 CE. However, the first permanent European settlement in Canada was established by the French in 1534, with the arrival of explorer Jacques Cartier in the region.
In 1763, the British gained control of Canada through the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Seven Years’ War. Canada was then ruled by the British until 1867, when it became a self-governing Dominion within the British Empire. Canada gained full independence from the British Empire in 1931.
Throughout its history, Canada has been shaped by the presence of Indigenous peoples, the French, and the British. This has led to a diverse and multicultural society, with influences from these different cultures. While both countries have had their own unique historical context, Iran has a much longer and more complex history compared to Canada, with a rich culture and civilization that has lasted for thousands of years.
Indigenous peoples, also known as First Nations, Inuit, and Métis, are the original inhabitants of Canada. They have a rich and diverse culture that has been shaped by thousands of years of history and tradition. The Indigenous peoples of Canada have their own unique languages, customs, and beliefs, and they have played an important role in shaping the country’s history and identity. The origins of the Indigenous peoples of Canada can be traced back thousands of years, with evidence of human habitation dating back as far as 12,000 years ago. The Indigenous peoples of Canada have always had a strong connection to the land, and their traditional territories are deeply rooted in their culture, history, and identity.
Indigenous peoples have played an important role in shaping the history of Canada. They were the first to explore and map the land, and they played a key role in the development of trade and commerce. The Indigenous peoples also played an important role in the fur trade, which was one of the main economic activities in Canada during the colonial period.
However, despite their significance, Indigenous peoples have also faced significant challenges throughout history. The arrival of Europeans in Canada led to the displacement of Indigenous peoples from their traditional territories, and the loss of their land and resources. The Indigenous peoples were also subjected to a variety of policies aimed at assimilating them into the dominant European culture, including the Indian Act, residential schools, and the forced removal of Indigenous children from their families. Today, Indigenous peoples continue to face a variety of challenges, including poverty, poor health, and high rates of suicide. Indigenous peoples also continue to fight for the recognition of their rights, including the right to self-determination and the right to their traditional lands and resources.
The Indigenous peoples of Iran are a diverse group of ethnic and linguistic minorities who have lived in the region for centuries. They include groups such as the Kurds, Balochs, Turkmens, and Lurs, among others. These groups have their own distinct cultures, languages, and traditions, and they have played an important role in shaping the history and identity of Iran.
Similar to Indigenous peoples in Canada, Indigenous peoples in Iran have faced significant challenges throughout history. Historically, Indigenous peoples in Iran have been marginalized and oppressed by the dominant Persian culture. They have also faced discrimination, displacement, and suppression of their cultures, languages, and traditions. In recent years, Indigenous peoples in Iran have been working to preserve and promote their cultures, languages, and traditions. There have been efforts to recognize and protect the rights of Indigenous peoples in Iran, but much more needs to be done to address the ongoing issues and injustices faced by Indigenous peoples in Iran.
Both Indigenous peoples in Iran and Canada have faced similar challenges throughout history such as displacement, suppression of culture, language and traditions, and discrimination. However, The Indigenous peoples of Iran are diverse groups of ethnic and linguistic minorities, while in Canada Indigenous peoples are mainly composed of First Nations, Inuit and Metis. Both Indigenous communities have their own unique culture, languages and traditions, and have played an important role in shaping the history and identity of their respective countries.
Iran is a country located in the Middle East, with a rich history and culture that has been shaped by various civilizations and empires throughout time. This article will provide a comprehensive anthropological analysis of Iran, covering its history, culture, and society.
First, let’s take a look at the history of Iran. The earliest known civilization in Iran is the Elamite civilization, which emerged in the 4th millennium BCE. This was followed by the Persian Empire, which was established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BCE and lasted until the conquest by Alexander the Great in 330 BCE. After the fall of the Persian Empire, Iran was ruled by various dynasties such as the Parthians, Sassanids, and Islamic dynasties, including the Safavids, Qajars, and Pahlavis. Iran’s culture is heavily influenced by its history, particularly its Persian and Islamic heritage. The Persian culture is characterized by its rich literature, art, and architecture, such as the Persian gardens and the Persian carpet. The Islamic culture is reflected in the country’s religious practices and customs, such as the Ramadan fasting, the Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha celebrations and the Hajj pilgrimage.
Iran’s society is also heavily influenced by its religious heritage, particularly its Islamic heritage. The society is characterized by a strong sense of community and collectivism, where the needs of the group are considered more important than the needs of the individual. The society is also characterized by a strong patriarchal structure, where men hold the majority of positions of power and decision-making. However, there has been a growing movement for women’s rights and gender equality in recent years. Iran’s society is also diverse, with various ethnic and linguistic groups, such as Persians, Kurds, Azeris, and Balochs. Each group has its own unique culture and traditions, which add to the richness and diversity of Iranian culture. However, there have been issues of discrimination and marginalization faced by ethnic minorities in the country.
In terms of economic and political systems, Iran has a mixed economy and a theocratic republic system of governance. The country has a strong state-controlled economy, with a large public sector and a significant oil and gas industry. However, the country has also faced economic challenges and sanctions in recent years. The political system is based on the principles of Islamic democracy, where the Supreme Leader, a religious figure, holds significant power and authority. Iran’s political system has undergone significant changes since the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979. One of the main ways in which the Islamic Republic has diverged from ancient Iranian values is in its approach to religion and governance. In ancient Iranian history, religion and governance were separate entities, with the state having a relatively secular approach. Zoroastrianism, the predominant religion of ancient Iran, emphasized individual morality and personal responsibility rather than state control. The state, in turn, was seen as a separate entity responsible for maintaining social order and justice.
The Islamic Republic, on the other hand, has a theocratic system of governance where religion and state are closely intertwined. The Supreme Leader, a religious figure, holds significant power and authority, and Islamic law is the basis of the legal system. This approach to religion and governance has led to the suppression of individual rights and freedoms, as well as the suppression of traditional culture and practices. The Islamic Republic of Iran has attempted to change Iranian history and culture in various ways since its establishment in 1979. One of the ways in which the Islamic Republic has sought to change Iranian culture is by altering traditional celebrations and festivals, such as Nowruz, Yalda, and other ancient traditions, to align with its own sectarist views.
Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a celebration that has been an important part of Iranian culture for thousands of years. The Islamic Republic has attempted to change the way Nowruz is celebrated by promoting its own Islamic version of the holiday, which emphasizes religious rituals and activities, such as prayer and fasting. This has led to a dilution of the traditional celebrations, which have traditionally been focused on the celebration of spring and the renewal of nature.
Yalda, the longest night of the year, is another ancient celebration that has been targeted by the Islamic Republic. The traditional celebration, which is focused on the themes of light and darkness, has been replaced with an emphasis on religious themes and activities, such as prayer and recitation of religious texts. In addition to altering traditional celebrations, the Islamic Republic has also attempted to change Iranian culture by promoting its own sectarist views through the education system and the media. This has led to a suppression of traditional culture and practices, and an emphasis on religious beliefs and practices that align with the views of the regime.
This has led to a significant number of Iranians leaving the country and becoming part of the Iranian diaspora. Many Iranians have fled the country due to political oppression, human rights abuses, and economic hardship. Others have left in search of greater opportunities and freedom. The Iranian diaspora is a diverse community, with Iranians living in various countries around the world. The community has continued to maintain its cultural and linguistic heritage, but it has also been shaped by the experiences of living in exile. The diaspora has also played an important role in the opposition to the Islamic Republic and the promotion of democracy and human rights in Iran.
In conclusion, Iran has a rich history and culture that has been shaped by various civilizations and empires throughout time. Its culture is heavily influenced by its Persian and Islamic heritage and is characterized by its rich literature, art, and architecture. Its society is characterized by a strong sense of community and collectivism, a patriarchal structure, and a diverse ethnic and linguistic groups. The economy is mixed and the political system is based on the principles of Islamic democracy. Despite the challenges and issues faced by the country in recent years, Iran’s culture and society remain rich, complex and diverse.
Canada is a country located in North America, known for its vast landscapes, diverse cultures, and friendly people. The country has a population of approximately 37 million people, and it is the second-largest country in the world by total area.
The original inhabitants of Canada were Indigenous peoples, who have a rich and diverse culture and history. The arrival of European settlers in the late 15th and early 16th centuries brought significant changes to the Indigenous peoples’ way of life. The relationship between Indigenous peoples and settlers was often fraught with conflict, and Indigenous peoples were subjected to forced displacement, cultural assimilation, and other forms of discrimination. Despite this, Indigenous peoples have managed to maintain their culture, language, and traditions and have been working to reclaim their rights and preserve their heritage.
The majority of the population in Canada is of European descent, with the largest groups being of British and French descent. This has led to the development of a strong British and French cultural influence in the country, particularly in the areas of language, law, and government. However, over the years, Canada has become a melting pot of cultures with immigrants from all over the world, making it one of the most multicultural countries in the world.
Canada is also known for its strong economy and high standard of living. The country has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources, a well-developed infrastructure, and a highly educated workforce. The country is also known for its universal healthcare system, and progressive social policies.
In conclusion, Canada is a vast country known for its diverse cultures, friendly people, and high standard of living. The country has a rich history and culture that is shaped by Indigenous peoples, European settlers, and immigrants from all over the world. The country’s economy is strong, and it has a well-developed infrastructure and a highly educated workforce. Despite the challenges faced by Indigenous peoples and immigrants, Canada is known for its progressive social policies and universal healthcare system.
Canada is known for its high-quality education system, which is publicly funded and accessible to all citizens and permanent residents. The country’s education system is divided into three levels: primary, secondary, and post-secondary.
Primary education in Canada typically begins at the age of six and lasts for six years. Children attend primary school where they learn the basics of reading, writing, and mathematics, as well as other subjects such as science, social studies, and physical education. Secondary education in Canada typically begins at the age of twelve and lasts for six years. Students attend high school, where they can choose from a wide range of subjects and programs, such as academic, vocational, and technical. They also have the opportunity to take specialized courses in subjects such as the arts, languages, and sciences. Post-secondary education in Canada includes both college and university education. College education typically focuses on vocational and technical training, while university education focuses on academic and research-based programs. Canada’s universities are renowned for their high-quality education, and they attract students from all over the world.
The Canadian education system is highly decentralized, meaning that the provinces and territories are responsible for their own education systems. This allows for some variation in curriculum, but overall the education system is well-coordinated and standardized, ensuring that students receive a high-quality education no matter where they live in Canada. The admission process for international students in Canada can vary depending on the institution and program of study. Generally, international students are required to submit their academic transcripts, proof of English proficiency, and other required documents to the institution they are applying to. Some institutions may also require additional information such as a personal statement, letters of recommendation, or an interview.
International students are also required to meet the same academic requirements as domestic students, and may be required to take standardized tests such as the TOEFL or IELTS to demonstrate their English language proficiency. Once admitted, international students can benefit from a wide range of opportunities in Canada. They will have access to high-quality education, and will be able to study at some of the top universities and colleges in the world. They will also have the opportunity to gain valuable work experience through co-op and internship programs, and may be able to work part-time while studying. In addition to the academic benefits, international students will also have the opportunity to experience Canadian culture and make connections with people from all over the world. They will also be able to explore Canada, which is known for its natural beauty, friendly people, and diverse cultures.
Furthermore, international students who graduate from a Canadian institution may be eligible to apply for a post-graduation work permit (PGWP) which allows them to stay and work in Canada for up to three years after completing their studies. This can give them an opportunity to gain valuable work experience and build a professional network, which can be beneficial to their future career.
Micro-credentials, also known as digital badges or nanodegrees, are a form of alternative education that focus on specific skills or knowledge. They have gained popularity in recent years in Canada as a way for individuals to upskill or reskill in a specific area, without committing to a full degree program. Micro-credentials are typically offered by universities, colleges, and other educational institutions, as well as by private companies and organizations. They can be earned through a variety of means, such as online courses, workshops, or on-the-job training. They are often shorter in duration and more focused than traditional degrees or certificates, and can be completed in a matter of weeks or months.
Micro-credentials have several benefits for individuals in Canada. They provide a flexible and accessible way to learn new skills, and can be completed at one’s own pace. They are also a cost-effective way to gain new knowledge or skills, as they are typically less expensive than traditional degrees or certificates. Additionally, they can help individuals to stand out in a competitive job market by demonstrating specific skills or knowledge to potential employers. In Canada, micro-credentials have been embraced by both the public and private sectors. The government of Canada has recognized the value of micro-credentials and has launched a national digital badging initiative to support their growth. Private companies and organizations have also started to offer micro-credentials to their employees as a way to upskill and reskill their workforce.
Diwan is a non-profit independent network that aims to empower Iranians through digital public goods. It provides a platform for Iranians to connect, share resources and expertise, and access opportunities for education and employment. One of the key services that Diwan offers is micro-credentials. As a member of Diwan, individuals can access a wide range of micro-credentials that are relevant to their career or personal development goals. These micro-credentials are offered by leading universities, colleges, and other educational institutions, as well as by private companies and organizations. They can be earned through online courses, workshops, or on-the-job training, and are a cost-effective way to gain new knowledge or skills.
Diwan also provides a range of other services to its members, such as career counseling, job search assistance, and networking opportunities. Its members can also access a wealth of resources, including information on business laws and regulations, as well as advice on how to navigate the business environment in Canada.
The Canadian labor market is characterized by a strong and stable economy, low unemployment rate, and a diverse range of job opportunities. The unemployment rate in Canada has been consistently low in recent years, averaging around 5%. The Canadian economy is diverse and robust, with a mix of natural resources, manufacturing, and service sectors. This diversity makes it possible for Canadians to find jobs in various industries.
The service sector is the largest employer in Canada, with jobs in healthcare, education, and retail being among the most in-demand. The manufacturing and natural resource sectors also provide a significant number of jobs, particularly in provinces like Ontario, Quebec and British Columbia. The technology and finance sectors are also growing rapidly, offering many job opportunities for Canadians.
The Canadian government has also made a concerted effort to attract highly skilled workers through programs such as the Federal Skilled Worker Program and the Canadian Experience Class. This has led to a large number of immigrants coming to Canada to work, contributing to the diversity of the Canadian workforce.
In terms of employment benefits, Canadian employees are entitled to a minimum of two weeks’ vacation per year, as well as statutory holidays. They are also entitled to a minimum of 15 weeks of maternity/parental leave and a minimum of 5 days of personal emergency leave per year. Additionally, Canada has a universal healthcare system, which means that all residents have access to healthcare coverage regardless of their employment status.
Overall, the employment environment in Canada is stable, diverse and offers a wide range of opportunities for individuals with different skills and qualifications. The government’s efforts to attract highly skilled workers have led to a diverse workforce that is beneficial for the economy and society. It also offers good working conditions and benefits, making it a desirable place to work.
Work Integrated Learning Programs (WILPs) can play a significant role in addressing current employment issues in Canada. These programs offer students the opportunity to gain real-world experience and skills through internships, co-op placements, and other forms of experiential learning. This type of learning is becoming increasingly important in the current job market, as employers are looking for candidates with a mix of theoretical knowledge and practical experience.
WILPs can help to address issues such as skills shortages and underemployment in Canada. By providing students with hands-on experience in their field of study, WILPs can help to bridge the gap between education and employment. This can lead to improved employability for graduates and a more skilled workforce for employers. WILPs can also help to address issues related to youth unemployment, particularly for students who are facing challenges in finding employment after graduation. These programs provide students with opportunities to gain relevant experience and make connections in their field of study, which can increase their chances of finding employment after graduation.
WILPs can also help to address issues related to the changing job market, as they provide students with the opportunity to gain skills in emerging industries and technologies. This can help to ensure that the Canadian workforce is well-equipped to meet the demands of the future job market. In addition, WILPs can lead to micro-credentials, which are a form of alternative education that focus on specific skills or knowledge. They are shorter in duration and more focused than traditional degrees or certificates, and can be completed in a matter of weeks or months. This can help individuals to upskill or reskill in a specific area, without committing to a full degree program.
By becoming a member of Diwan, individuals can access a wide range of WILPs and resources to help them succeed in their professional and personal pursuits. They can also take advantage of Diwan’s career counseling, job search assistance, and networking opportunities. Furthermore, Diwan also provides a platform to connect with each other, fostering a sense of community and support among its members.
If you are looking to improve your education, career and business opportunities, we encourage you to become a member of Diwan and take advantage of all the opportunities it offers. Start your assessment today to see which WILPs are available for you and how you can benefit from them.
Canada has a stable and business-friendly environment that is conducive to starting and running a business. The country has a robust and diversified economy, with a mix of natural resources, manufacturing, and service sectors. This diversity makes it possible for businesses to find opportunities in various industries.
The process of starting a business in Canada is relatively straightforward. The first step is to choose a business structure, such as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation. After that, businesses must register their company with the government and obtain any necessary licenses and permits. Businesses must also register for taxes and comply with all relevant laws and regulations. The Canadian government also provides a range of resources and support to help businesses navigate the business environment. For example, the Canada Business Network offers a wide range of services and information to help entrepreneurs start and grow their businesses. The government also provides funding and support for research and development, as well as for the commercialization of new technologies.
In terms of regulations, businesses in Canada must comply with federal, provincial, and municipal laws and regulations. These include laws related to employment, taxes, health and safety, and environmental protection. Businesses must also adhere to industry-specific regulations, such as those related to food safety or financial services.
Business registration: All businesses operating in Canada must be registered with the government. This includes obtaining a business number, which is used to register for taxes, and obtaining any necessary licenses and permits. This is significant as it allows the government to keep track of the businesses operating in the country and ensure compliance with laws and regulations.
Taxation: Businesses in Canada must comply with federal, provincial, and municipal tax laws. This includes registering for taxes, such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Harmonized Sales Tax (HST), and filing tax returns on a regular basis. Failure to comply with tax laws can result in fines and penalties.
Employment laws: Businesses in Canada must comply with federal and provincial employment laws, which include minimum wage laws, vacation and sick leave entitlements, and health and safety regulations. This is significant as it ensures that employees are treated fairly and are provided with safe working conditions.
Environmental regulations: Businesses in Canada must comply with federal and provincial environmental laws and regulations, which include laws related to air and water quality, waste management, and hazardous materials. This is significant as it ensures that businesses are operating in an environmentally responsible manner and protecting the natural resources of the country.
Consumer protection: Businesses in Canada must comply with federal and provincial consumer protection laws, which include laws related to advertising, product labeling, and safety standards. This is significant as it protects consumers from false or misleading advertising and ensures that products sold in Canada are safe to use.
Industry-specific regulations: Some businesses in Canada must comply with industry-specific regulations, such as those related to food safety, financial services, or telecommunications. This is significant as it ensures that these businesses are operating in a safe and responsible manner, and protecting the public interest.
Iranian diaspora can enrich the business ecosystem of Canada by bringing their unique skills, experiences, and perspectives to the country. Iranians have a strong entrepreneurial spirit and are known for their hard work and resilience. They are also well-educated, with many holding advanced degrees and professional qualifications. These qualities make them well-suited for success in the Canadian business environment.
Iranian diaspora can also bring valuable cultural and linguistic skills to Canadian businesses, helping to expand their reach and connect with new markets. They can also contribute to the diversity of the Canadian workforce, bringing new ideas and perspectives to the table.
Diwan, as a non-profit independent network, can accelerate this process by providing Iranians in Canada with the resources, support, and opportunities they need to succeed in their professional and personal pursuits. In addition, Diwan provide networking opportunities, which can help Iranians to connect with other business owners and entrepreneurs in the community. This can help to foster a sense of community and support among Iranians in Canada, and create opportunities for collaboration and partnership. By becoming a member of Diwan you can take advantage of all the opportunities it offers and start or grow your business and network.
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We firmly believe that the internet should be available and accessible to anyone, and are committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience, regardless of circumstance and ability.
To fulfill this, we aim to adhere as strictly as possible to the World Wide Web Consortium’s (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1 (WCAG 2.1) at the AA level. These guidelines explain how to make web content accessible to people with a wide array of disabilities. Complying with those guidelines helps us ensure that the website is accessible to all people: blind people, people with motor impairments, visual impairment, cognitive disabilities, and more.
This website utilizes various technologies that are meant to make it as accessible as possible at all times. We utilize an accessibility interface that allows persons with specific disabilities to adjust the website’s UI (user interface) and design it to their personal needs.
Additionally, the website utilizes an AI-based application that runs in the background and optimizes its accessibility level constantly. This application remediates the website’s HTML, adapts Its functionality and behavior for screen-readers used by the blind users, and for keyboard functions used by individuals with motor impairments.
If you’ve found a malfunction or have ideas for improvement, we’ll be happy to hear from you. You can reach out to the website’s operators by using the following email
Our website implements the ARIA attributes (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) technique, alongside various different behavioral changes, to ensure blind users visiting with screen-readers are able to read, comprehend, and enjoy the website’s functions. As soon as a user with a screen-reader enters your site, they immediately receive a prompt to enter the Screen-Reader Profile so they can browse and operate your site effectively. Here’s how our website covers some of the most important screen-reader requirements, alongside console screenshots of code examples:
Screen-reader optimization: we run a background process that learns the website’s components from top to bottom, to ensure ongoing compliance even when updating the website. In this process, we provide screen-readers with meaningful data using the ARIA set of attributes. For example, we provide accurate form labels; descriptions for actionable icons (social media icons, search icons, cart icons, etc.); validation guidance for form inputs; element roles such as buttons, menus, modal dialogues (popups), and others. Additionally, the background process scans all of the website’s images and provides an accurate and meaningful image-object-recognition-based description as an ALT (alternate text) tag for images that are not described. It will also extract texts that are embedded within the image, using an OCR (optical character recognition) technology. To turn on screen-reader adjustments at any time, users need only to press the Alt+1 keyboard combination. Screen-reader users also get automatic announcements to turn the Screen-reader mode on as soon as they enter the website.
These adjustments are compatible with all popular screen readers, including JAWS and NVDA.
Users can also use shortcuts such as “M” (menus), “H” (headings), “F” (forms), “B” (buttons), and “G” (graphics) to jump to specific elements.
We aim to support the widest array of browsers and assistive technologies as possible, so our users can choose the best fitting tools for them, with as few limitations as possible. Therefore, we have worked very hard to be able to support all major systems that comprise over 95% of the user market share including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Opera and Microsoft Edge, JAWS and NVDA (screen readers), both for Windows and for MAC users.
Despite our very best efforts to allow anybody to adjust the website to their needs, there may still be pages or sections that are not fully accessible, are in the process of becoming accessible, or are lacking an adequate technological solution to make them accessible. Still, we are continually improving our accessibility, adding, updating and improving its options and features, and developing and adopting new technologies. All this is meant to reach the optimal level of accessibility, following technological advancements. For any assistance, please reach out to