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Diwân empowers local and digital communities with bottom-up tools and mechanisms to govern themselves and foster collective action. Communities and professionals can teach courses, broadcast content, organize events, mobilize campaigns, crowdsource teams, and sponsor projects.
Once upon a time, there was a land called Iran, rich in culture and history. But as the years passed, political turmoil and economic hardship forced many Iranians to seek a better life abroad. One of the countries they turned to was Norway.
The Iranian diaspora in Norway began in the 1970s, when a small number of Iranian students came to study in the country. However, the numbers began to increase dramatically during the Iranian Revolution of 1979, as many Iranians fled the country to escape the violence and oppression of the new regime.
For the Iranian immigrants in Norway, life was not easy. They faced challenges such as language barriers, discrimination, and a lack of understanding of their culture. But they persevered, and over time, they were able to establish themselves and make a new home in Norway.
As they settled in, they brought with them the rich culture of Iran, including its food, music, and literature. They also established their own businesses and organizations, becoming an important part of the Norwegian community.
Today, the Iranian diaspora in Norway is a vibrant and diverse community, making significant contributions to the country in various fields such as business, education, and the arts. They are also an important bridge between Norway and Iran, promoting cultural understanding and exchange between the two countries.
Despite the difficulties they faced in the past, the Iranian diaspora in Norway has become a vital and valued part of the country’s society. Their journey serves as a reminder of the resilience and determination of the human spirit, and the power of community and culture to overcome even the toughest of challenges.
Iran has a rich and ancient history dating back to the Elamite Empire in the 4th millennium BCE. The Persian Empire, under the Achaemenid dynasty, was one of the largest and most powerful empires in the world, spanning from modern-day Iran to Egypt and parts of Europe. The empire was conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE, and later became part of the Parthian and Sasanian empires.
In the 7th century CE, Persia was conquered by the Arab Islamic armies and became a Muslim majority country. During the medieval period, Iran was ruled by various dynasties such as the Seljuks and the Safavids, who established Twelver Shia Islam as the state religion. The Safavid Empire, which existed from the 16th to the 18th century, was known for its artistic and architectural achievements, and for its role in the cultural and intellectual revival of Iran.
In the 19th century, Iran was occupied by the British and Russian empires, and later became a constitutional monarchy under the Qajar dynasty. In the 20th century, Iran underwent a series of political and social changes, including the rise of nationalism movements and the establishment of the Pahlavi dynasty, under which Iran became a modern, industrialized nation. However, this modernization was met with resistance, and in 1979 the Islamic Revolution brought an end to the Pahlavi dynasty and established the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Norway, on the other hand, has a much shorter recorded history, with the earliest known human settlements dating back to around 4,000 BCE. The Vikings, who flourished from the late 8th to the 11th century, played an important role in the country’s history, leaving a lasting impact on its culture and society. Norway was ruled by a succession of kings and dynasties, and became a part of the Kalmar Union with Denmark and Sweden in the 14th century.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, Norway became a part of the Danish-Norwegian union, and in 1814, following the Napoleonic Wars, it was ceded to Sweden. However, a popular movement for independence emerged, and in 1905 Norway declared itself a separate state and elected its own king. Norway then became a constitutional monarchy and developed into a modern, industrialized nation.
In summary, Iran has a rich and ancient history dating back to the 4th millennium BCE, characterized by powerful empires, cultural and artistic achievements, and complex political and social developments. Norway, on the other hand, has a shorter recorded history, marked by the Viking age, various dynasties and unions, and ultimately becoming a independent and modern nation.
Iran is a country located in the Middle East, with a rich history and culture that has been shaped by various civilizations and empires throughout time. This article will provide a comprehensive anthropological analysis of Iran, covering its history, culture, and society.
First, let’s take a look at the history of Iran. The earliest known civilization in Iran is the Elamite civilization, which emerged in the 4th millennium BCE. This was followed by the Persian Empire, which was established by Cyrus the Great in 550 BCE and lasted until the conquest by Alexander the Great in 330 BCE. After the fall of the Persian Empire, Iran was ruled by various dynasties such as the Parthians, Sassanids, and Islamic dynasties, including the Safavids, Qajars, and Pahlavis. Iran’s culture is heavily influenced by its history, particularly its Persian and Islamic heritage. The Persian culture is characterized by its rich literature, art, and architecture, such as the Persian gardens and the Persian carpet. The Islamic culture is reflected in the country’s religious practices and customs, such as the Ramadan fasting, the Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha celebrations and the Hajj pilgrimage.
Iran’s society is also heavily influenced by its religious heritage, particularly its Islamic heritage. The society is characterized by a strong sense of community and collectivism, where the needs of the group are considered more important than the needs of the individual. The society is also characterized by a strong patriarchal structure, where men hold the majority of positions of power and decision-making. However, there has been a growing movement for women’s rights and gender equality in recent years. Iran’s society is also diverse, with various ethnic and linguistic groups, such as Persians, Kurds, Azeris, and Balochs. Each group has its own unique culture and traditions, which add to the richness and diversity of Iranian culture. However, there have been issues of discrimination and marginalization faced by ethnic minorities in the country.
In terms of economic and political systems, Iran has a mixed economy and a theocratic republic system of governance. The country has a strong state-controlled economy, with a large public sector and a significant oil and gas industry. However, the country has also faced economic challenges and sanctions in recent years. The political system is based on the principles of Islamic democracy, where the Supreme Leader, a religious figure, holds significant power and authority. Iran’s political system has undergone significant changes since the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979. One of the main ways in which the Islamic Republic has diverged from ancient Iranian values is in its approach to religion and governance. In ancient Iranian history, religion and governance were separate entities, with the state having a relatively secular approach. Zoroastrianism, the predominant religion of ancient Iran, emphasized individual morality and personal responsibility rather than state control. The state, in turn, was seen as a separate entity responsible for maintaining social order and justice.
The Islamic Republic, on the other hand, has a theocratic system of governance where religion and state are closely intertwined. The Supreme Leader, a religious figure, holds significant power and authority, and Islamic law is the basis of the legal system. This approach to religion and governance has led to the suppression of individual rights and freedoms, as well as the suppression of traditional culture and practices. The Islamic Republic of Iran has attempted to change Iranian history and culture in various ways since its establishment in 1979. One of the ways in which the Islamic Republic has sought to change Iranian culture is by altering traditional celebrations and festivals, such as Nowruz, Yalda, and other ancient traditions, to align with its own sectarist views.
Nowruz, the Persian New Year, is a celebration that has been an important part of Iranian culture for thousands of years. The Islamic Republic has attempted to change the way Nowruz is celebrated by promoting its own Islamic version of the holiday, which emphasizes religious rituals and activities, such as prayer and fasting. This has led to a dilution of the traditional celebrations, which have traditionally been focused on the celebration of spring and the renewal of nature.
Yalda, the longest night of the year, is another ancient celebration that has been targeted by the Islamic Republic. The traditional celebration, which is focused on the themes of light and darkness, has been replaced with an emphasis on religious themes and activities, such as prayer and recitation of religious texts. In addition to altering traditional celebrations, the Islamic Republic has also attempted to change Iranian culture by promoting its own sectarist views through the education system and the media. This has led to a suppression of traditional culture and practices, and an emphasis on religious beliefs and practices that align with the views of the regime.
This has led to a significant number of Iranians leaving the country and becoming part of the Iranian diaspora. Many Iranians have fled the country due to political oppression, human rights abuses, and economic hardship. Others have left in search of greater opportunities and freedom. The Iranian diaspora is a diverse community, with Iranians living in various countries around the world. The community has continued to maintain its cultural and linguistic heritage, but it has also been shaped by the experiences of living in exile. The diaspora has also played an important role in the opposition to the Islamic Republic and the promotion of democracy and human rights in Iran.
In conclusion, Iran has a rich history and culture that has been shaped by various civilizations and empires throughout time. Its culture is heavily influenced by its Persian and Islamic heritage and is characterized by its rich literature, art, and architecture. Its society is characterized by a strong sense of community and collectivism, a patriarchal structure, and a diverse ethnic and linguistic groups. The economy is mixed and the political system is based on the principles of Islamic democracy. Despite the challenges and issues faced by the country in recent years, Iran’s culture and society remain rich, complex and diverse.
Norway is a country located in Northern Europe and is known for its rugged natural beauty, including fjords, mountains, and glaciers. The history of Norway is closely tied to its unique geography and environment, and has been shaped by the various peoples who have inhabited the region over the millennia.
The earliest known human settlements in Norway date back to around 4,000 BCE, during the Neolithic period. These early inhabitants were primarily hunters and gatherers, and they left behind a rich legacy of rock art and other artifacts. During the Bronze Age and Iron Age, the population of Norway began to grow, and the people developed new technologies and social structures.
The Viking Age, which lasted from the late 8th to the 11th century, is one of the most well-known periods in Norwegian history. The Vikings were known for their seafaring and trading abilities, and they established settlements and conducted raids across Europe and parts of Asia. They also played a significant role in the development of Norse religion, culture, and society.
In the Middle Ages, Norway was ruled by a succession of kings and dynasties, and became a part of the Kalmar Union with Denmark and Sweden in the 14th century. During the 16th and 17th centuries, Norway became a part of the Danish-Norwegian union, and in 1814, following the Napoleonic Wars, it was ceded to Sweden. However, a popular movement for independence emerged, and in 1905 Norway declared itself a separate state and elected its own king. Norway then became a constitutional monarchy and developed into a modern, industrialized nation.
From an anthropological perspective, Norway has been inhabited by different groups of people throughout its history, each leaving their mark on the country’s culture and society. The Vikings, for example, left a lasting impact on the country’s culture and society. Their traditions, myths, and legends have continued to influence contemporary Norwegian culture and identity.
The Norwegians have also had a close relationship with nature, which is reflected in their traditional livelihoods such as hunting, fishing, and agriculture. This relationship has also been reflected in their art, literature, and folktales, which often feature the natural world as a central theme. Today, Norway is a diverse and multicultural society, with immigrants and minorities from all over the world who have contributed to the country’s cultural landscape.
In summary, Norway has a rich history that is closely tied to its unique geography and environment. The Vikings played an important role in the country’s history, leaving a lasting impact on its culture and society. Norway has also been shaped by different groups of people throughout its history, and today is a diverse and multicultural society.
Norway is known for its highly developed education system, which provides students with a wide range of opportunities to pursue their academic and professional goals. The country’s education system is divided into three levels: primary, lower secondary, and upper secondary education. Higher education is also available through universities and colleges.
Primary education in Norway is compulsory for all children between the ages of 6 and 16, and is free of charge. The curriculum includes subjects such as mathematics, science, social studies, language, and physical education. Children also learn about the country’s culture, history, and values, and are encouraged to develop their creativity and critical thinking skills. Lower secondary education, also known as secondary school, is also compulsory and free of charge. Students can choose between different programs, such as general studies, vocational studies, or sports and arts programs. The curriculum includes subjects such as mathematics, science, social studies, language, and physical education, as well as specialized subjects related to the chosen program.
Upper secondary education is not compulsory, but it is highly encouraged. It is also free of charge. The programs available are similar to lower secondary education, but at a higher level. Students who successfully complete upper secondary education can apply to higher education institutions, such as universities and colleges. Higher education in Norway is provided by universities and colleges, and is divided into three levels: bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate. There are over 20 universities and colleges in Norway, and many of them offer programs in English. Higher education is not free, but students may apply for financial aid. The process of applying to higher education in Norway is relatively straightforward. Students must have completed upper secondary education, and must have the required grades and qualifications. They must also pass a language proficiency test, if the program is taught in Norwegian.
To apply, students must submit an application through the national application system, called “Samordna opptak.” This system allows students to apply to multiple institutions with a single application. The application period usually opens in October and closes in January for most programs. In addition to academic programs, Norway also offers adult education, language courses, and vocational training. These programs are designed for individuals who wish to improve their skills and qualifications, and are open to people of all ages.
In conclusion, Norway has a highly developed education system that provides students with a wide range of opportunities to pursue their academic and professional goals. Primary and secondary education is free of charge and compulsory, and higher education is accessible through universities and colleges. The application process for higher education is relatively straightforward, and there are also options for adult education, language courses, and vocational training.
Through Diwan, you will have access to a wealth of information about universities, colleges, and other higher education institutions in Norway. You can also connect with students, scholars, and alumni who have experience studying in Norway, and find information about scholarships, grants, and financial aid. In addition to education opportunities, Diwan also provides access to resources and expertise in other areas, such as business, technology, and culture. The network brings together Iranians from all over the world, and members can share their knowledge, skills, and resources to help each other achieve their goals. By joining Diwan, you will be able to find the best opportunities in Norway and other countries, and gain access to the resources and expertise you need to achieve your goals. Here are some of the top universities in Norway:
University of Oslo: Founded in 1811, the University of Oslo is the oldest and largest university in Norway. It is a research-intensive institution that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields, including law, medicine, humanities, and social sciences. The University of Oslo is also known for its strong international reputation, and attracts students and scholars from all over the world.
University of Bergen: Founded in 1946, the University of Bergen is a research-intensive university that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields, including social sciences, medicine, law, and humanities. The university has a strong international reputation and is known for its research excellence in areas such as marine biology, climate research, and geology.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU): Founded in 1996, NTNU is a research-intensive university that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in engineering, natural sciences, medicine, and social sciences. The university is known for its strong emphasis on technology and innovation, and is a major contributor to the development of Norway’s technology and industry sector.
University of Tromsø: Founded in 1968, the University of Tromsø is the northernmost university in Norway and the world’s second northernmost university after the University of the Arctic. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields, including social sciences, medicine, law, and humanities. The University of Tromsø is also known for its research excellence in areas such as Arctic studies and space physics.
BI Norwegian Business School: Founded in 1943, BI is a private, non-profit business school that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in business and management. The school is known for its strong focus on practical, hands-on learning and its reputation as one of the leading business schools in Europe.
These are some of the top universities in Norway, each with their own unique strengths and reputation. They all offer a wide range of academic programs and research opportunities, and attract students and scholars from all over the world.
Norway is known for having a strong and stable economy, which is reflected in its high employment rate. As of 2021, the unemployment rate in Norway was around 4%, which is considered low in comparison to many other countries. The country’s economy is diverse and is based on sectors such as oil and gas, fishing, shipping, and tourism.
The Norwegian labor market is characterized by high levels of worker protection, such as good working conditions, high wages, and good social benefits. The government provides a range of support services for people who are looking for work, including job training, career counseling, and financial assistance.
There are many opportunities for employment in Norway, particularly in the public sector. The government is the largest employer in the country, providing jobs in areas such as healthcare, education, and public administration. The public sector also includes municipalities, county councils, and state-owned companies.
The private sector is also a significant employer in Norway. The main sectors of the economy include: oil and gas, fishing, shipping, and manufacturing. The technology sector is also growing and offers many opportunities for employment in areas such as software development and engineering.
The service sector is another important sector of the Norwegian economy, with many opportunities for employment in areas such as retail, hospitality, and tourism. The service sector is also a significant employer in the healthcare and education sectors.
The job market in Norway is highly competitive, but there are many opportunities for people with the right qualifications and skills. It is important to have a good command of the Norwegian language, as many jobs in the country require it.
In summary, Norway has a strong and stable economy with a low unemployment rate. The country’s economy is diverse and based on sectors such as oil and gas, fishing, shipping, and tourism. The labor market is characterized by high levels of worker protection and many opportunities for employment in the public and private sectors. To be successful in the job market it is important to have a good command of the Norwegian language and the right qualifications and skills.
Work Integrated Learning Programs (WILPs) are programs that combine formal education with on-the-job training, and are designed to help students gain the skills and experience they need to succeed in the workforce. These programs can be beneficial for both jobseekers and employers in Norway, as they provide an opportunity for students to gain practical experience and for employers to identify and train future employees.
WILPs can help jobseekers in Norway by providing them with the opportunity to gain practical experience and skills that are in demand in the workforce. This can make them more attractive to employers, and increase their chances of finding a job. Additionally, WILPs can help jobseekers to develop a professional network, which can be valuable in finding job opportunities.
Employers can also benefit from WILPs, as they provide a way to identify and train future employees. Through WILPs, employers can identify students with the skills and experience they need, and can provide them with on-the-job training to help them succeed in the workforce. This can be a cost-effective way for employers to find and train employees, and can help to ensure that they have a skilled and experienced workforce.
WILPs can also lead to the development of micro-credentials, which are smaller, more specific certifications that demonstrate an individual’s skills and qualifications in a particular area. Micro-credentials can be useful for both jobseekers and employers, as they provide a way to demonstrate specific skills and qualifications in a more targeted way.
Diwan can help facilitate Work Integrated Learning Programs (WILPs) and micro-credentials. Through Diwan, members can gain access to training and educational opportunities that can help them develop the skills and experience they need to succeed in the workforce. Additionally, Diwan can provide a platform for members to connect with employers, and for employers to identify and train potential employees.
Diwan programs combine formal education with on-the-job training and can be beneficial for both jobseekers and employers in Norway. By becoming a member of Diwan, you will have access to a wide range of training and educational opportunities that can help you develop the skills and experience you need to succeed in the workforce. Additionally, Diwan can provide a platform for you to connect with employers and for employers to identify and train potential employees.
Through Diwan, you can access Work Integrated Learning Programs (WILPs) that allow you to gain practical experience, and help you to develop a professional network which can be valuable in finding job opportunities. You can also leverage the benefits of micro-credentials, which are smaller, more specific certifications that demonstrate an individual’s skills and qualifications in a particular area.
So, if you’re looking to take advantage of the benefits of WILPs and micro-credentials and improve your chances of finding employment in Norway, we would recommend joining Diwan and leveraging the resources and expertise that the network has to offer.
Norway is known for having a stable and prosperous economy, which is characterized by a high standard of living and a strong welfare system. The country’s economy is based on a variety of sectors, including oil and gas, fishing, shipping, and manufacturing. The business environment in Norway is generally considered to be favorable for entrepreneurs, but there are some challenges and considerations to keep in mind.
Starting a business in Norway can be relatively easy, as the process of registering a company is straightforward and the government provides a range of support services for entrepreneurs. The process of starting a business in Norway generally involves the following steps:
One of the major challenges for business in Norway is the high cost of labor, which can be a significant expense for small businesses. Another challenge for businesses in Norway is the high cost of living, which can make it difficult for entrepreneurs to attract and retain employees. Additionally, the country’s small domestic market can also be a challenge for businesses looking to expand.
In terms of funding, many startups in Norway rely on government grants and funding. The government has established a number of programs to help entrepreneurs, such as Innovation Norway, which provides funding and support for businesses in areas such as research and development, marketing, and internationalization. Additionally, there are a number of private equity firms, venture capitalists, and angel investors that provide funding for startups in Norway.
In conclusion, the business environment in Norway is generally considered to be favorable for entrepreneurs, but there are some challenges and considerations to keep in mind. The process of starting a business in Norway is relatively easy, but the high cost of labor and the cost of living can be a challenge for small businesses. The country’s strict regulations and labor laws can also be a challenge for small businesses. However, the government provides a range of support services for entrepreneurs, and there are a number of private and government funding options available. Despite the challenges, many entrepreneurs choose to establish their businesses in Norway due to the stable economic environment and high standard of living.
Iranian diaspora can play a positive role in the business environment and economic growth in Norway in several ways.
Firstly, Iranian diaspora can bring a wealth of skills and expertise to the table in areas such as business, technology, and engineering. This can help to create new business opportunities and drive innovation in Norway’s economy. Secondly, Iranian diaspora can also act as a bridge between Norway and the new markets worldwide. They can help to facilitate trade and investment between countries, and can help to open up new market opportunities for Norwegian businesses. Thirdly, Iranian diaspora can also contribute to the development of cultural and economic ties between Norway and Iranian diaspora worldwide. They can help to promote understanding and cooperation between countries, and can help to create a more positive and productive relationship between them. Finally, the Iranian diaspora can also bring a diverse and multicultural perspective to the business environment in Norway. They can help to create a more inclusive and tolerant society, which can be beneficial for businesses and the economy as a whole.
In general, transnational communities like the Iranian diaspora can bring a unique set of skills, perspectives, and connections to the table. These can help to drive innovation, create new business opportunities, and promote cultural and economic ties between countries. By leveraging the resources and expertise of the Iranian diaspora, Norway can benefit from a more diverse and dynamic business environment.
Diwan can provide access to resources and expertise in areas such as business development, marketing, and finance. Additionally, Diwan can connect members with other entrepreneurs and business leaders, who can provide valuable insights and support. Furthermore, Diwan can also help members to comply with local laws and regulations in the country they are operating in. The network can provide access to information and guidance on issues such as taxes, labor laws, and permits. This can help members to navigate the legal and regulatory landscape in Norway and other countries, and can help to ensure that their businesses are operating in compliance with local laws.
In addition, Diwan can help members to access the support they need to succeed in the business world. The network can connect Iranians with business mentors, investors, and other resources that can help them to grow and scale their businesses. There are several laws and regulations that companies operating in Norway need to comply with. These include:
The Norwegian Companies Act: This law governs the formation, registration, and operation of companies in Norway. It sets out the requirements for registering a company, including the minimum capital requirements, and the responsibilities of company directors.
The Norwegian Accounting Act: This law sets out the rules for financial reporting and accounting for companies in Norway. It requires companies to maintain accurate financial records and to prepare financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
The Norwegian Tax Act: This law sets out the rules for taxation in Norway, including corporate income tax, value-added tax (VAT), and payroll taxes. Companies operating in Norway are required to register for taxes and to file regular tax returns.
The Norwegian Labor Law: This law sets out the rights and responsibilities of employers and employees in Norway. It includes provisions on minimum wages, working hours, and safety standards, as well as rules on collective bargaining and labor disputes.
The Norwegian Environmental Act: This law sets out the rules for protecting the environment in Norway. It requires companies to take measures to prevent pollution and to minimize the environmental impact of their operations.
The Norwegian Health and Safety at Work Act: This law sets out the rules for maintaining a safe and healthy working environment in Norway. It requires employers to provide safe working conditions and to take measures to prevent accidents and injuries.
The Norwegian Consumer Protection Act: This law sets out the rights and responsibilities of businesses and consumers in Norway. It includes provisions on fair trading practices, product safety, and consumer information.
These are some of the key laws and regulations that companies operating in Norway need to comply with. It is important for companies to be familiar with these laws and to ensure that their operations are in compliance with them.
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